Human articles

A new antibody therapy shows promise in suppressing HIV infection
In first human study, new antibody therapy shows promise in suppressing HIV infection. The new study, conducted in Michel Nussenzweig's Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, finds that administration of a potent antibody, called 3BNC117, can catch HIV off guard and reduce viral loads.

Junk food consumed late in pregnancy more harmful to the child
"Too much junk food consumed late in pregnancy for humans has the potential to be more harmful to the child than excess junk food early in the pregnancy," says Dr Jessica Gugusheff, post-doctoral researcher in the School of Agriculture, Food and Wine at University of Adelaide.

53 approved drugs that may block Ebola infection
Researchers found 53 existing drugs that may keep the Ebola virus from entering human cells, a key step in the process of infection. Among the better known drug types shown to hinder infection by an Ebola virus model: several cancer drugs, antihistamines and antibiotics.

Ebola vaccine from Glaxo promising and safe
A 39-year-old woman has become the first volunteer to receive an experimental Ebola vaccine, which scientists have described as "promising".

Gut bacteria Clostridium ramosum may promote obesity in humans
A species of gut bacteria called Clostridium ramosum, coupled with a high-fat diet, may cause animals to gain weight.

E-cigarettes may boost virulence of drug-resistant pathogens
Despite being touted by their manufacturers as a healthy alternative to cigarettes, e-cigarettes appear in a laboratory study to increase the virulence of drug- resistant and potentially life-threatening bacteria, while decreasing the ability of human cells to kill these bacteria.

Barriers to HPV vaccination among teens for cervical cancer prevention
Barriers to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among adolescents in the U.S. range from financial concerns and parental attitudes to social influences and concerns about the vaccination's effect on sexual behavior.

One dose of HPV vaccine similar to three dose regimen
Two doses of a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, trademarked as Cervarix, resulted in similar serum antibody levels against two of the most carcinogenic types of HPV (16 and 18), compared to a standard three dose regimen.

HIV fresh cases reduced by 52%
UNAIDS shows dramatic acceleration towards reaching 2015 global targets on HIV. New HIV infections among adults and children were estimated at 2.3 million in 2012, a 33% reduction since 2001. New HIV infections among children have been reduced to 260 000 in 2012, a reduction of 52% since 2001.

Four cups of coffee or tea a day beneficial to a healthy liver
Increased caffeine intake may reduce fatty liver in people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), revealed by researchers in a new study. Surprise! Your morning cup of tea or coffee may be doing more than just perking you up before work.

DNA markers in low IQ autism suggest heredity - ASD
Researchers are striving to understand the different genetic structures that underlie at least a subset of autism spectrum disorders. In cases where the genetic code is in error, did that happen anew in the patient, perhaps through mutation or copying error, or was it inherited? A new study in the American Journal of Human Genetics finds evidence that there may often be a recessive, inherited genetic contribution in autism with significant intellectual disability.

Infected female malaria mosquitoes more attracted to human odour
Female mosquitoes infected with malaria parasites are significantly more attracted to human odour than uninfected mosquitoes. This was demonstrated in a laboratory setting in which infected female Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto mosquitoes were attracted to human odours three times more than mosquitoes that were not infected with the malaria-causing Plasmodium falciparum parasite.

Stem cell transplant may restore memory
A study at the University of Wisconsin-Madison is the first to show that human stem cells can successfully implant themselves in the brain and then heal neurological deficits, says senior author Su-Chun Zhang, a professor of neuroscience and neurology.

H7N9 bird flu in China - 104 cases
Chinese National Health and Family Planning Commission notified WHO of an additional two laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus. Both the patients are reported from Zhejiang province.

Green spaces have a positive impact on wellbeing
People living in urban areas with more green space tend to report greater wellbeing than city dwellers that don't have parks, gardens, or other green space nearby, said research from the University of Exeter Medical School's European Centre for Environment & Human Health.

BRAIN - $100m to find new ways to treat, cure, and prevent brain disorders
US President Barack Obama unveiled a bold new research initiative designed to revolutionize understanding of the human brain. Launched with approximately $100 million in the President's Fiscal Year 2014 Budget, the BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies) Initiative ultimately aims to help researchers find new ways to treat, cure, and even prevent brain disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy, and traumatic brain injury.

US parents concerned about side effects of HPV for cervical cancer
A rising percentage of parents say they won't have their teen daughters vaccinated to protect against the human papilloma virus, even though physicians are increasingly recommending adolescent vaccinations. More than 2 in 5 parents surveyed believe the HPV vaccine is unnecessary, and a growing number worry about potential side effects.

Bee venom nanoparticles may destroy HIV
Nanoparticles carrying a toxin found in bee venom can destroy human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) while leaving surrounding cells unharmed, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown. The finding is an important step toward developing a vaginal gel that may prevent the spread of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

US to implement health care law and build health insurance marketplaces
Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Kathleen Sebelius announced that more states are on track to implement the health care law and establish health insurance marketplaces, or Exchanges, in their states.

Flame retardant Tris and PentaBDE in couches may pose health risks
Tris - a chlorinated flame retardant that is considered a probable human carcinogen was found in more than half of all couches tested in a study. This potentially toxic or untested chemical flame retardants may pose risks to human health.

HPV vaccine may benefit HIV infected women
Women with HIV may benefit from a vaccine for human papillomavirus (HPV), despite having already been exposed to HPV, a study finds. Although many may have been exposed to less serious forms of HPV, more than 45 percent of sexually active young women who have acquired HIV appear never to have been exposed to the most common high-risk forms of HPV.

Cell phone data helps to curb spread of malaria
New research that combines cell phone data from 15 million people in Kenya with detailed information on the regional incidence of malaria has revealed, on the largest scale so far, how human travel patterns contribute to the disease's spread. The findings indicate that malaria, in large part, emanates from Kenya's Lake Victoria region and spreads east, chiefly toward the capital, Nairobi.

Autism in children linked to Father's Age
deCODE Genetics, a global leader in analyzing and understanding the human genome, in collaboration with Illumina, a global leader in the making of instruments to analyze the genome, reported in the journal Nature that a father?s age, not a mother?s, at the time a child is conceived is the single largest contributor to the passing of new hereditary mutations to offspring.

Food safety guides available for groups most vulnerable to foodborne illness
The U.S. Department of Agriculture?s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) and the Department of Health and Human Services? Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have partnered to create six booklets with food safety advice for populations that are most susceptible to foodborne illness.

Spray with living human cells heals chronic venous leg ulcers
Treating chronic venous leg ulcers with a topical spray containing a unique living human cell formula provides a 52 percent greater likelihood of wound closure than treatment with compression bandages only.

Global financing devoted to HIV AIDS
The huge scientific advances in the treatment and prevention of HIV infection over the past years have created unprecedented optimism that the fight against the HIV/AIDS epidemic can be won, but is being tempered by funding uncertainty amidst the ongoing global financial crisis, delegates heard today at the XIX International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2012) taking place in Washington, D.C. this week.

AIDS 2012 Conference Opens in the U.S.
Under the theme Turning the Tide Together, more than 23,000 delegates from over 195 countries gathered in Washington, D.C. for the XIX International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2012) to begin the march toward the end of the AIDS epidemic.

Drug resistant HIV increasing - Africa
Lancet reported in a new study that Drug-resistant HIV has been increasing in parts of sub-Saharan Africa over the last decade. Drug resistance could build up if people fail to stick to drug regimes.

Alzheimer's Disease timeline invaluable for successful drug trials
Scientists have assembled the most detailed chronology to date of the human brain's long, slow slide into full-blown Alzheimer's disease. As part of an international research partnership known as the Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer's Network (DIAN), scientists at Washington University and elsewhere evaluated a variety of pre-symptomatic markers of Alzheimer's disease in 128 subjects from families genetically predisposed to develop the disorder.

HPV vaccine reduces HPV infection even in unvaccinated
The HPV vaccine not only has resulted in a decrease in human papillomavirus infection in immunized teens but also in teens who were not immunized. The study is believed to be the first to show a substantial decrease in HPV infection in a community setting as well as herd protection ? a decrease in infection rates among unimmunized individuals that occurs when a critical mass of people in a community is immunized against a contagious disease.

HIV test kit OraQuick approved - first OTC In Home HIV Test
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the OraQuick In-Home HIV Test, the first over-the-counter, self-administered HIV test kit to detect the presence of antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and type 2 (HIV-2). HIV is the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Free HIV Testing by Erase Doubt at Walgreens
June 27 is National HIV Testing Day. In Los Angeles County, a whole week is dedicated to offering free HIV testing. During the week of June 25 - July 2, 2012 residents can find free HIV testing available throughout the county.

Bird flu may be possible from human to human through air
It might be possible for human-to-human airborne transmissible avian H5N1 influenza viruses to evolve in nature, new research has found. The findings, from research led by Professor Derek Smith and Dr Colin Russell at the University of Cambridge, were published today, 22 June in the journal Science.

An estimation of adult human biomass on this earth
The world population is over seven billion and all of these people need feeding. However, the energy requirement of a species depends not only on numbers but on its average mass. New research published in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Public Health has estimated the total mass of the human population, defined its distribution by region, and the proportion of this biomass due to the overweight and obesity.

Natural HIV control may rely on T cell
The rare ability of some individuals to control HIV infection with their immune system alone appears to depend ? at least partially ? on specific qualities of the immune system's killer T cells and not on how many of those cells are produced. Even among individuals sharing a protective version of an important immune system molecule ? the ability of HIV-specific killer T cells to control viral replication appears to depend on the particular sequence of the protein that recognizes HIV infected cells.

Largest human cancer genome data released in US
A comprehensive human cancer genome data is released in US for free access by the global scientific community. The amount of information released more than doubles the volume of high-coverage, whole genome data currently available from all human genome sources combined.

Less sleep means higher risk of diabetes and obesity
A new study reinforces the finding that too little sleep or sleep patterns that are inconsistent with our body's "internal biological clock" may lead to increased risk of diabetes and obesity. This finding has been seen in short-term lab studies and when observing human subjects via epidemiological studies.

HPV vaccine reduces subsequent cervical disease in women
HPV vaccination does not reduce progression to cervical disease in women, but vaccinated women had less frequent subsequent cervical disease. Women who are diagnosed with pre-cancerous cervical conditions after receiving the HPV vaccine can still benefit from a considerably reduced risk of reoccurring disease.

Antibody may cure variety of human cancers
Human tumors transplanted into laboratory mice disappeared or shrank when scientists treated the animals with a single antibody. This antibody works by masking a protein flag on cancer cells that protects them from macrophages and other cells in the immune system.

Genetic variations transform mild influenza to a life threatening disease
Genetic variations in human body make it more susceptible to diseases. A genetic finding explains why influenza becomes a life-threating disease to some people while it has only mild effects in others.

Drug resistant MRSA in livestock infects humans
A strain of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria that humans contract from livestock was originally a human strain, but it developed resistance to antibiotics once it was picked up by farm animals. The findings illustrate a very close link between antibiotic use on the farm and potentially lethal human infections.

New drug targets aimed at slowing progression of HIV AIDS
Researchers reveal a mechanism by which the immune system tries to halt the spread of HIV. Harnessing this mechanism may open up new paths for therapeutic research aimed at slowing the virus' progression to AIDS.

Understanding working of parkin gene and Parkinson's disease
Parkinson's disease researchers at the University at Buffalo have discovered how mutations in the parkin gene cause the disease, which afflicts at least 500,000 Americans and for which there is no cure. The results are published in the current issue of Nature Communications.

HPV DNA testing for all women aged 29 years and above
Implementation of HPV DNA testing in cervical screening leads to earlier detection of clinically relevant CIN grade 2 or worse, which when adequately treated, improves protection against CIN grade 3 or worse and cervical cancer. Early detection of high-grade cervical legions caused by HPV16 was a major component of this benefit.

Breast cancer vaccine reduces tumours in mice
Researchers have developed a vaccine that dramatically reduces tumors in a mouse model that mimics 90 percent of human breast and pancreatic cancer cases-including those that are resistant to common treatments.

Investments for children must be at top of African HIV and AIDS agenda - UNICEF
All children, particularly the poorest and most marginalized, should have access to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care. Against the background of reduced funding for HIV/AIDS activities, partners and decision makers must sustain their contributions to make this world HIV free.

Many US people do not know they have HIV
An estimated 1.2 million people are living with HIV in the United States. Of those, as many as 1 in 5 people (about 240,000) don't know they have HIV.

BPA found in soup can lining may cause adverse health effects
A new study to quantify BPA levels in humans after ingestion of canned foods reveals that a group of volunteers who consumed a serving of canned soup each day for five days had a more than 1,000% increase in urinary bisphenol A (BPA) concentrations compared with when the same individuals consumed fresh soup daily for five days.

HIV infections and AIDS related cases reduced
New HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths have fallen to the lowest levels since the peak of the epidemic. New HIV infections were reduced by 21% since 1997, and deaths from AIDS-related illnesses decreased by 21% since 2005.

Burmese python heart growth may benefit diseased human heart
Now, Burmese python's heart may diseased human hearts, revealed by researchers from University of Alabama, USA. Three fatty acids involved in the extreme growth of Burmese pythons' hearts following large meals could prove beneficial in treating diseased human hearts.

Cervical cancer virus HPV linked to oral cancer rise
A new study of oropharyngeal cancer suggests that dramatic increases in U.S. incidence of the cancer and survival since 1984 can be attributed to infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV).

IUDs may lower cervical cancer risk
IUDs or intrauterine contraceptive devices could substantially reduce the risk of women developing cervical cancer, revealed by researchers in a recent study in Lancet Oncology.

Bird Flu rears its head again
UN FAO recently urged heightened readiness and surveillance against a possible major resurgence of the H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza amid signs that a mutant strain of the deadly Bird Flu virus is spreading in Asia and beyond, with unpredictable risks to human health.

Eating grapes and drinking red wine protect your skin
UV radiation leads to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). These molecules exert a variety of harmful effects by altering key cellular functions and may result in cell death. Several studies have demonstrated that human skin can be protected against UV radiation by using plant-derived antioxidants.

US can continue to fund embryonic stem cell research
The American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB) applauds the decision of Judge Royce Lamberth of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia (DC) to dismiss a lawsuit challenging the U.S. National Institutes of Health guidelines on funding human embryonic stem cell research (hESC).

Marked reduction of HIV among circumcised adult men
Researchers presenting late breaking research on the final day of the 6th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention (IAS 2011) have focussed on new studies in the field of circumcision, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and antiretroviral treatment. The IAS 2011 conference has been attended by over 5000 researchers, clinicians and community leaders since Sunday in Rome.

New drug development program for children with HIV AIDS
The Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi) announced the launch of a new drug development programme to address critical unmet treatment needs of children with HIV/AIDS. Because HIV transmission in young children has largely been eliminated in high-income countries due to effective prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) interventions, little market incentive exists for pharmaceutical companies to develop antiretroviral (ARV) drugs adapted for children.

Daily intake of Red wine resveratrol good for people with sedentary lifestyles
Resveratrol may be able to prevent the deleterious consequences of sedentary behaviors in humans. Researchers revealed that a daily intake of resveratrol prevents the ill effects of simulated weightlessness on muscle and bone metabolism.

Lithium may prevent brain damage in patients with Parkinson's disease
Researcher are focusing on lithium as a potential treatment for Parkinson's disease -- PD -- as well as its efficacy in combination with drugs currently used to control the symptoms of the disease. Lithium profoundly prevents the aggregation of toxic proteins and cell loss associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) in a mouse model of the condition.

Low carbohydrate, high protein diets may reduce cancer risk
Eating a low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet may reduce the risk of cancer and slow the growth of tumors already present, according to a study published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. The study was conducted in mice, but the scientists involved agree that the strong biological findings are definitive enough that an effect in humans can be considered.

New strain of MRSA discovered, found in both humans and dairy cows
Scientists have identified a new strain of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) which occurs both in human and dairy cow populations. The study, led by Dr Mark Holmes at the University of Cambridge, identified the new strain in milk from dairy cows while researching mastitis (a bacterial infection which occurs in the cows' udders).

Antiretrovirals significantly reduces HIV transmission to partners
Men and women infected with HIV reduced the risk of transmitting the virus to their sexual partners by taking oral antiretroviral medicines when their immune systems were relatively healthy, according to findings from a large-scale clinical study.

15 eggs needed to achieve a live birth after IVF
An analysis of over 400,000 IVF cycles in the UK has shown that doctors should aim to retrieve around 15 eggs from a woman's ovaries in a single cycle in order to have the best chance of achieving a live birth after assisted reproduction technology.

Turning bad fat into good - A future treatment for obesity
By knocking down the expression of a protein in rat brains known to stimulate eating, Johns Hopkins researchers say they not only reduced the animals' calorie intake and weight, but also transformed their fat into a type that burns off more energy. The finding could lead to better obesity treatments for humans, the scientists report.

Increased metabolic rate may lead to accelerated aging
A recent study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM) found that higher metabolic rates predict early natural mortality, indicating that higher energy turnover may accelerate aging in humans.

Swiss US team finds indigenous cases of leprosy in Southern US
Using advanced DNA analysis and extensive field work, an international research team has confirmed the link between leprosy infection in Americans and direct contact with armadillos.

Medical complicity in torture at Guant?namo Bay
Inspection of medical records, case files, and legal affidavits provides compelling evidence that medical personnel who treated detainees at Guant?namo Bay (GTMO) failed to inquire and/or document causes of physical injuries and psychological symptoms they observed in the detainees, according to a paper published this week in PLoS Medicine.

Fighting HIV in South Africa should focus on couples
HIV-positive people in South Africa take almost as much risk in their behavior when they know their partner is HIV-negative or don't know their status, as when they know their partner is already infected.

Stem cells repair heart damage in a human trial
Researchers have shown for the first time that stem cells injected into enlarged hearts reduced heart size, reduced scar tissue and improved function to injured heart areas, according to a small trial published in Circulation Research: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Fetal surgery better in treating children with spina bifida
Thirty years ago, the first human fetal surgery was performed at the University of California, San Francisco. Now, a randomized controlled trial has proven definitively that fetal surgery can help certain patients before birth.

HIV rates declined in Zimbabwe driven by fear of infection
The big drop in the numbers of people infected with HIV in Zimbabwe is because of mass social change, driven by fear of infection, according to an international study reported in the journal PLoS Medicine.

Stroke rate rises in HIV patients
While the overall hospitalization rate for stroke has declined in recent years, the numbers have jumped dramatically for patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), suggesting they may be up to three times more likely to suffer a stroke than people uninfected by the virus that causes AIDS.

Reducing diet in pregnancy may affect brain growth in fetus
Eating less during early pregnancy impaired fetal brain development in a nonhuman primate model, revealed by researchers from The University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio.

Protein may improve muscle function of muscular dystrophy
A novel potential therapy based on a natural human protein significantly slows muscle damage and improves function in mice who have the same genetic mutation as boys with the most common form of muscular dystrophy, according to a paper published online Dec._27 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Gardasil approved to prevent anal cancer
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved the vaccine Gardasil for the prevention of anal cancer and associated precancerous lesions due to human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6, 11, 16, and 18 in people ages 9 through 26 years.

US company starts clinical trial using stem cells to treat macular degeneration
Advanced Cell Technology, Inc. ("ACT"; OTCBB:ACTC) announced that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cleared the Company's Investigational New Drug (IND) application to immediately initiate a Phase I/II multicenter clinical trial using retinal cells derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to treat patients with Stargardt's Macular Dystrophy (SMD), one of the most common forms of juvenile macular degeneration in the world.

Clinical trial of human embryonic stem cell therapy in US
Geron Corporation (Nasdaq: GERN) announced the enrollment of the first patient in the company's clinical trial of human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, GRNOPC1.

US to continue stem cell research
An appeals court in US allowed the government to resume funding human embryonic stem cell research while the court reviews whether it violates a ban by Congress on spending taxpayer money for experiments.

Everyday stress may lead to over eating, weight gain, obesity
Stress can take a daily toll on us that has broad physical and psychological implications. Science has long documented the effect of extreme stress, such as war, injury or traumatic grief on humans. Typically, such situations cause victims to decrease their food intake and body weight. Recent studies, however, tend to suggest that social stress--public speaking, tests, job and relationship pressures--may have the opposite effect--over-eating and weight gain.

New Parkinson's gene is linked to immune system
A hunt throughout the human genome for variants associated with common, late-onset Parkinson's disease has revealed a new genetic link that implicates the immune system and offers new targets for drug development.

Biosynthetic corneas restore vision in humans
A new study from researchers in Canada and Sweden has shown that biosynthetic corneas can help regenerate and repair damaged eye tissue and improve vision in humans.

US cancer group AACR supports NIH stem cell research
The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR), the world's oldest and largest cancer research organization, reiterates its support for the responsible conduct of human embryonic stem cell research that, up until this week, was funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and expresses concern that the recent Federal District Court injunction to block federal funding for human embryonic stem cell research is a setback for scientific discovery.

95 genetic variants linked to cholesterol, triglycerides
Researchers have discovered or confirmed 95 regions of the human genome where genetic variants are associated with blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels, which are major indicators of heart disease risk.

Alcohol may reduce severity of rheumatoid arthritis symptoms
Drinking alcohol may reduce the severity of rheumatoid arthritis according to new research published today. It is the first time that this effect has been shown in humans.

New research to drive novel ways of treating and preventing HIV
The unwillingness of the global AIDS community to accept the status quo is fuelling a new era of scientific innovation to drive novel ways of treating and preventing HIV, organizers of the XVIII International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2010) taking place in Vienna, Austria said today.

Antibodies can stop most HIV strains from infecting human cells
Scientists have discovered two potent human antibodies that can stop more than 90 percent of known global HIV strains from infecting human cells in the laboratory, and have demonstrated how one of these disease-fighting proteins accomplishes this feat.

Early clamping may interrupt humankind's first natural stem cell transplant
The timing of umbilical cord clamping at birth should be delayed just a few minutes longer, suggest researchers at the University of South Florida's Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair.

Gene mutations lead to autism and mental retardation
Researchers working with Professor Gudrun Rappold, Director of the Department of Molecular Human Genetics at Heidelberg University Hospital, have discovered previously unknown mutations in autistic and mentally impaired patients in what is known as the SHANK2 gene, a gene that is partially responsible for linking nerve cells. However, a single gene mutation is not always enough to trigger the illness.

Chemical in banana a potent inhibitor of HIV infection
A potent new inhibitor of HIV, derived from bananas, may open the door to new treatments to prevent sexual transmission of HIV, according to a University of Michigan Medical School study published this week.

Clinic based HIV prevention is effective in reducing risk behaviors
Delivering HIV prevention services to people living with HIV in clinical settings can sharply reduce their sexual risk behaviors, revealed by UCSF researchers.

Bone marrow can harbor HIV infected cells
University of Michigan scientists have identified a new reservoir for hidden HIV-infected cells that can serve as a factory for new infections. This indicate a new target for curing the disease so those infected with the virus may someday no longer rely on AIDS drugs for a lifetime.

Virus hybridization could create pandemic bird flu
Genetic interactions between avian H5N1 influenza and human seasonal influenza viruses have the potential to create hybrid strains combining the virulence of bird flu with the pandemic ability of H1N1, according to a new study.

New tool illuminates connections between stem cells and cancer
Researchers have a new tool to understand how cancers grow -- and with it a new opportunity to identify novel cancer drugs. They've been able to break apart human prostate tissue, extract the stem cells in that tissue, and alter those cells genetically so that they spur cancer.

Frequent screening for women over 41 is low after HPV Vaccination
The overall potential benefits of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations or frequent HPV screenings for women over the age of 41 are low, concludes a new study published online February 15 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

India proposes new Rural Medical Course BRMS
The Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad has said that not recognizing the need for trained medical human resources in rural areas and unwillingness to consider new ideas for addressing it will not help the situation.

Insulin research points way to better type 1 diabetes treatments
New research that significantly improves our understanding of how insulin interacts with cells in the human body is published today. The study could have major implications for the development of treatments for Type I diabetes.

Human running speeds of 35 to 40 mph may be biologically possible
Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt's record-setting performances have unleashed a wave of interest in the ultimate limits to human running speed. A new study published in the Journal of Applied Physiology offers intriguing insights into the biology and perhaps even the future of human running speed.

Blueberry juice improves memory in older adults
Scientists are reporting the first evidence from human research that blueberries - one of the richest sources of healthful antioxidants and other so-called phytochemicals - improve memory.

Biomarkers for ovarian cancer rise a year before diagnosis
Concentrations of the biomarkers CA125, human epididymis protein 4 (HE4), and mesothelin began to rise 3 years before clinical diagnosis of ovarian cancer, according to a new study published online December 30 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Embryonic stem cell lines lack genetic diversity
The most widely used human embryonic stem cell lines lack genetic diversity, a finding that raises social justice questions that must be addressed to ensure that all sectors of society benefit from stem cell advances, according to a University of Michigan research team.

Human protein may prevent H1N1 influenza infection
Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have identified a naturally occurring human protein that helps prevent infection by H1N1 influenza and other viruses, including West Nile and dengue virus.

Routine HIV screening in community boosts HIV testing
UCSF researchers have that found routinely offering rapid HIV tests to patients in community health centers can significantly increase the number of patients screened for HIV.

New genes for lung disease discovered
Scientists have discovered five genetic variants that are associated with the health of the human lung. The research by an international consortium of 96 scientists from 63 centres in Europe and Australia sheds new light on the molecular basis of lung diseases.

PRO 2000 anti HIV gel is ineffective
Pro 2000, a vaginal microbicide gel designed to reduce women's risk of HIV infection, showed no evidence that it reduces the risk of HIV infection, revealed by researchers at Britain's Medical Research Council (MRC).

Human Genome Sequencing decoded in India
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has achieved completion of first ever Human Genome Sequencing in India. Scientist of CSIR at the Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), Delhi have sequenced the Human Genome of an anonymous healthy Indian citizen.

Isolation and stress contribute to breast cancer risk
Social isolation and related stress could contribute to human breast cancer susceptibility, research from a rat model designed at the University of Chicago to identify environmental mechanisms contributing to cancer risk shows.

Stem cells may rescue vision in AMD patients
An international team of scientists has rescued visual function in laboratory rats with eye disease by using cells similar to stem cells. The research shows the potential for stem cell-based therapies to treat age-related macular degeneration in humans.

Red Ribbon Express launched on World Aids Day
Smt. Sonia Gandhi, Chairperson UPA and Chairperson Rajiv Gandhi Foundation flagged off the Red Ribbon Express from Safdarjung Railway Station to commemorate the World AIDS Day.

Human swine influenza virus mutation found
The Hong Kong's Public Health Laboratory Service Branch (PHLSB) had detected one human swine influenza (HSI) virus which had the same mutation as the one detected in Norway recently.

Cervical cancer screening should be less frequent
Women should have their first cervical cancer screening at age 21 and can be rescreened less frequently than previously recommended, reported by US researchers at ACOG.

Stem cells to create new skin for patients with burns and skin diseases
Researchers has succeeded in recreating a whole epidermis from human embryonic stem cells, revealed in a new study conducted by Marc Peschanski of INSERM published in the Lancet.

HIV vaccine failure probably caused by adenovirus
The recent failure of an HIV vaccine was probably caused by the immune system reacting to the virus 'shell' used to transmit the therapy around the body, revealed by researchers.

Breast cancer drugs may prevent cervical cancer also
Researchers eliminated cervical cancer in mice with two FDA-approved drugs currently used to treat breast cancer and osteoporosis. The study is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Genome 10K - to sequence 10000 vertebrates
An international group of scientists is proposing to generate whole genome sequences for 10,000 vertebrate species using technology so new it hasn't yet been invented.

Ryan White HIV AIDS program extended
The U.S. Congress has extended the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, helping to ensure that more than half a million low-income, uninsured, or underinsured people living with HIV/AIDS have access to lifesaving care.

H1N1 vaccine Focetria receives positive opinion from CHMP
Novartis announced that Focetria, the Novartis Influenza A(H1N1) 2009 monovalent vaccine, has received a positive opinion from the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) of the European Medicines Agency (EMEA).

Environmental chemicals in breast milk may cause testicular cancer later
A comparison of breast milk samples from Denmark and Finland revealed a significant difference in environmental chemicals which have previously been implicated in testicular cancer or in adversely affecting development of the fetal testis in humans and animals.

Inhaled insulin delivery possibility explored
The commercial failure of Exubera (Pfizer, New York, NY), the first inhaled insulin product to come to market, led other companies such as Eli Lilly-Alkermes to halt studies of similar drug delivery in development intended to compete for a share of the lucrative diabetes market.

New HIV vaccine safe and effective in preventing HIV infection
In an encouraging development, an investigational vaccine regimen has been shown to be well-tolerated and to have a modest effect in preventing HIV infection in a clinical trial involving more than 16,000 adult participants in Thailand.

4 new risk factors for prostate cancer - deCODE genetics
deCODE genetics (Nasdaq:DCGN) announced that a team of its scientists and academic colleagues from Finland, Spain, the Netherlands and the United States have published the discovery of four novel single-letter variations in the sequence of the human genome (SNPs) conferring increased risk of prostate cancer.

Liposuction leftovers easily converted to IPS stem cells
Human fat removed during liposuction conceal versatile cells that are more quickly and easily coaxed to become induced pluripotent stem cells, or iPS cells, than are the skin cells most often used by researchers.

XMRV virus may cause prostate cancer in people
XMRV (Xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus) -- a type of virus known to cause leukemia and sarcomas in animals has been found for the first time in malignant human prostate cancer cells.

Eating late night snack causes weight gain, obesity
Eating at irregular times - the equivalent of the middle of the night for humans, when the body wants to sleep - influences weight gain, revealed by researchers at the Northwestern University.

High HIV infection rate among Soweto Township gays
New research from UCSF examining HIV among men (MSM) in the township of Soweto in South Africa has found that a third of gay-identified men are infected with HIV.

Dogs' intelligence equal to 2 to 3 year old human
Dogs can count the checkbook, and they can also understand more than 150 words and intentionally deceive other dogs and people to get treats, revealed by researchers.

Controlled development of stem cells may lead to new stem cell therapies
Investigators at the Burnham Institute for Medical Research (Burnham) and The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have made the first comparative, large-scale phosphoproteomic analysis of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and their differentiated derivatives.

Genetic link to placebo response in depression
In people suffering from major depressive disorder, depression or MDD, genes that influence the brain's reward pathways may modulate the response to placebos, revealed by researchers.

Lupus drug Benlysta effective for SLE patients
Human Genome Sciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: HGSI) and GlaxoSmithKline PLC (GSK) announced that BENLYSTA (belimumab, formerly LymphoStat-B?) met the primary endpoint in BLISS-52, the first of two pivotal Phase 3 trials in patients with serologically active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

GSK to fight HIV AIDS in Africa
GlaxoSmithKline's CEO Andrew Witty announced a series of new initiatives targeted at improving research, development, and access to HIV/AIDS medicines for children in Sub-Saharan Africa and supporting healthcare for people living with HIV and AIDS.

$884 million to purchase H1N1 vaccine, US
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services' Secretary Kathleen Sebelius announced that the health department will commit $884 million to purchase additional supplies of two key ingredients for potential H1N1 vaccine to further prepare the nation for a potential resurgence of the 2009 H1N1 virus.

New technique could save women's fertility
Researchers have successfully grown a woman's immature egg cells, contained in a tiny sac called a follicle, to a healthy and nearly mature egg in the laboratory. When an egg is fully mature, it is ready to be fertilized.

HIV progresses faster in women than in men
One of the continuing mysteries of the HIV/AIDS epidemic is why women usually develop lower viral levels than men following acute HIV-1 infection but progress faster to AIDS than men with similar viral loads.

GSK's cervical cancer vaccine Cervarix got WHO prequalification
The World Health Organization (WHO) has awarded prequalification to Cervarix, GlaxoSmithKline's cervical cancer vaccine. GlaxoSmithKline pharmaceutical company applied for WHO prequalification of Cervarix 2 years ago.

AIDS virus damages gut antibody-producing immune cells
A new research from the NIAID-funded Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology suggests that HIV-1 is anything but ? moving at breathtaking speed in destroying and dysregulating the body's gut-based B-cell antibody-producing system.

Fertility patient migration within Europe - some facts
Many European patients are travelling to other countries for fertility treatment, revealed by researchers at the 25th annual conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology.

Soy, tofu, sprouts can improve COPD symptoms
Using soy products, like tofu, natto, bean sprouts and soy milk, can reduce the risk and symptoms of lung disease i.e. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Taking 75g of soy products daily is having the most health benefits and improving the lung fuction in human beings.

Early cervical cancer screening may harm women
UK's Advisory Committee on Cervical Screening (ACCS) has agreed unanimously for no change in the screening age as evidence showed that earlier screening could do more harm than good causing too many false positives and increase the risk of premature births in some women.

Combined antiviral and chemotherapy to fight HIV AIDS
HIV-AIDS could be treated through a combination of targeted chemotherapy and current Highly Active Retroviral (HAART) treatments, revealed by researchers.

Autism children better at problem solving
Autistics, children with autism, are up to 40% faster at problem solving than non autistics, according to a new Universit? de Montr?al and Harvard University study published in the journal Human Brain Mapping.

Cannabis smoke alters human DNA, raising cancer risk
Cannabis smoke damages DNA in ways that could potentially increase the risk of cancer development in humans, revealed by researchers. The new study published by University of Leicester researchers in the journal Chemical Research in Toxicology.

South Africa's HIV epidemic has stabilised
South Africa's HIV epidemic has levelled off at a prevalence of 10.9% for people aged two years and older, with 5.2 million people estimated to be living with HIV in 2008.

Swine flu transmission to humans occurred months before outbreak
A new analysis of the current swine-origin H1N1 influenza A virus suggests that transmission to humans occurred several months before recognition of the existing outbreak.

Blair Underwood to Kick off AHF's US HIV Testing Caravan
In an effort to boost AIDS awareness and HIV prevention and testing efforts in some of the hardest hit regions of the United States, AIDS Healthcare Foundation (AHF) will kick off a three week, fourteen-city cross country HIV testing tour in one of its popular AHF/Magic Johnson Mobile HIV Testing Units.

New accurate diagnostic test for swine H1N1 influenza
A new, easy-to-perform method for detecting both seasonal influenza A virus and the emerging H1N1 swine-derived influenza A virus in human clinical samples offers a fast, sensitive, and cost-effective diagnostic test that runs on standard laboratory equipment.

New gene silencing way to turn off cervical cancer genes
Researchers at The University of Queensland have developed a way to deliver drugs which can specifically shut down cancer-causing genes in tumour cells while sparing normal healthy tissues.

Complete response letter for Cinryze for hereditary angioedema
ViroPharma Incorporated (Nasdaq: VPHM) announced that it has received a Complete Response letter from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) related to its supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for Cinryze(TM) (C1 esterase inhibitor [human]) as a treatment for acute attacks of hereditary angioedema (HAE).

TV noise leads to delayed language development in infants
For every hour they spend in the presence of an audible television, parents speak fewer words and infants are less likely to make vocalizations in response, according to a report in the June issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Benefit to women not enough to sway men to get HPV vaccine
Informing men that a new vaccine to prevent human papillomavirus (HPV) would also help protect their female partners against developing cervical cancer from the sexually transmitted infection did not increase their interest in getting the vaccine, according to a new Florida State University study.

Stem cell protein LIN28 offers a new cancer target
A protein abundant in embryonic stem cells is now shown to be important in cancer, and offers a possible new target for drug development, report researchers from the Stem Cell Program at Children's Hospital Boston.

Stem cell - gene therapy may cure human genetic diseases
A study led by researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, has catapulted the field of regenerative medicine significantly forward, proving in principle that a human genetic disease can be cured using a combination of gene therapy and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell technology.

New genomic approaches for treating skin diseases
The health of our skin - one of the body's first lines of defense against illness and injury - depends upon the delicate balance between our own cells and the millions of bacteria and other one-celled microbes that live on its surface.

Infertility linked to genes for earlier menopause
For the first time, scientists have been able to identify genetic factors that influence the age at which natural menopause occurs in women. Ms Lisette Stolk, a researcher from Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, told the annual conference of the European Society of Human Genetics that a greater understanding of the factors influencing age at menopause might eventually help to improve the clinical treatment of infertile women.

Gardasil is eligible for UN immunization programs
GARDASIL [Human Papillomavirus Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16 and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant], Merck's cervical cancer vaccine, has been awarded World Health Organization (WHO) pre-qualification. GARDASIL is the first cervical cancer vaccine to receive WHO pre-qualification.

Oldest evidence of leprosy found in India
A biological anthropologist from Appalachian State University working with an undergraduate student from Appalachian, an evolutionary biologist from UNC Greensboro, and a team of archaeologists from Deccan College (Pune, India) recently reported analysis of a 4000-year-old skeleton from India bearing evidence of leprosy.

Zebrafish provide a model for cancerous melanoma in humans
In a new study published in Disease Models & Mechanisms, scientists use the zebrafish to gain insight into the influence of known cancer genes on the development and progression of melanoma, an aggressive form of human skin cancer with limited treatment options.

AIDS Action observes HIV vaccine awareness day
Every nine and a half minutes someone in the United States is infected with HIV. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that approximately 56,300 individuals became infected with HIV in 2006 alone.

Obama administration launches food safety working
Responding to President Obama's directive to upgrade the nation's food safety system, the White House Food Safety Working Group, led by Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack and Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius, launched a Web site to provide information about the group's activities and progress.

$1.79 billion to help people living with HIV AIDS
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announced the release of $1.79 billion to ensure that people living with HIV/AIDS continue to have access to life-saving health care and medications.

Fertility treatment twins face higher risk
Twins born as a result of assisted reproductive technology (ART) are more likely to be admitted to neonatal intensive care and to be hospitalised in their first three years of life than spontaneously conceived twins, according to new research in Europe's leading reproductive medicine journal Human Reproduction.

Women's menstruation genes identified
Researchers from the Peninsula Medical School, along with collaborators from research institutions across Europe and the United States, have for the first time identified two genes that are involved in determining when girls begin menstruation.

AIDS patients get benefit from early retroviral use
HIV-positive patients who don't seek medical attention until they have a serious AIDS-related condition can reduce their risk of death or other complications by half if they get antiretroviral treatment early on, according to a new multicenter trial led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

AMP joins ACLU to challenge BRCA gene patents
The Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP) announced that it is working with the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and the Public Patent Foundation to bring a lawsuit charging that patents on two human genes associated with breast and ovarian cancer are unconstitutional and should be invalidated.

Gene p18 defects linked to breast cancer
The discovery of tumor-suppressor genes has been key to unlocking the molecular and cellular mechanisms leading to uncontrolled cell proliferation ? the hallmark of cancer.

Gardasil efficacious against HPV 16 infection
In a study of an extended follow up of 290 women na?ve to HPV type 16, the HPV 16 component of GARDASIL [Human Papillomavirus Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16, 18) Vaccine, Recombinant] was efficacious against HPV 16 infection for an average of 8.5 years after administration.

Herpes medication does not reduce HIV transmission risk
A recently completed international multi-center clinical trial has found that acyclovir, a drug widely used as a safe and effective treatment to suppress herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2), which is the most common cause of genital herpes, does not reduce the risk of HIV transmission when taken by people infected with both HIV and HSV-2.

No case of influenza A swine flu reported, India
World Health Organization has reported 1516 laboratory confirmed cases of influenza A/H1N1 infection with 30 deaths from twenty two countries. There are 403 laboratory confirmed human cases in USA with one death.

Humans driving increased dengue risk in Australia
Drought-proofing Australia's urban regions by installing large domestic water tanks may enable the dengue mosquito Aedes aegypti to regain its foothold across the country and expand its range of possible infections, according to a new study published May 5 in the open-access journal PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Complications and Costs for Obesity Surgery Declining
A new study by the Department of Health & Human Services' (HHS) Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) found that the average rate of post-surgical and other complications in patients who have obesity surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, declined 21 percent between 2002 and 2006.

Swine Flu Situation as on 30th April 2009
World Health Organization has reported human cases of Swine Influenza A [H1N1] caused by a re-assorted Swine flu virus. As on 29th April, 2009 nine countries have officially reported 148 cases of swine influenza A/H1N1 infection with 8 deaths.

US declares public health emergency for swine flu
The Department of Health and Human Services of USA issued a nationwide public health emergency declaration in response to recent human infections with a newly discovered swine influenza A (swine flu) virus.

20 human cases of swine flu in US
Human cases of swine influenza A (H1N1) virus infection have been identified in the United States. As of 9:00 AM on April 26, CDC has confirmed 20 human cases of swine flu in the U.S.:

Human Swine Influenza Investigation in US
Human cases of swine influenza A (H1N1) virus infection have been identified in the U.S. in San Diego County and Imperial County, California as well as in San Antonio, Texas.

Antioxidant in berries prevents UV skin damage, wrinkles
Using a topical application of the antioxidant ellagic acid, researchers at Hallym University in the Republic of Korea markedly prevented collagen destruction and inflammatory response ? major causes of wrinkles -- in both human skin cells and the sensitive skin of hairless mice following continuing exposure to UV-B, the sun's skin-damaging ultraviolet radioactive rays.

Cervical cancer screening to 50000 women in India
QIAGEN and the Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute (CNCI) announced a collaboration to establish the first large-scale cervical cancer screening program for women in Kolkata, India.

Eating cherries boost antioxidant activity in body
Eating just one and a half servings of tart cherries could significantly boost antioxidant activity in the body, according to new University of Michigan research reported at the 2009 Experimental Biology meeting in New Orleans.

GSK and Pfizer to create a new HIV company
GlaxoSmithKline plc (GSK) and Pfizer Inc (PFE) announced they have entered into an agreement to create a new world-leading HIV company focused solely on research, development and commercialisation of HIV medicines.

Treating HIV earlier is better
Begin treatment as early as possible: this general common sense rule seems to apply to most diseases except HIV-AIDS, which is only treated once a certain number of immune cells called "CD4+" cells have disappeared.

Male circumcision surely reduces HIV risk
Three recent African trials support male circumcision for reducing the risk of contracting HIV in heterosexual men.

Nadja Benaissa arrested on suspicion of infecting a partner with HIV
Nadja Benaissa - a German pop star singer - was held in Frankfurt because of the suspicion that she had unprotected sexual intercourse with three people in the years 2004 and 2006 without telling them beforehand that she is HIV positive.

Energy drinks activate brain to enhance exercise performance
Runners clutching bottles of energy drink are a common sight, and it has long been known that sugary drinks and sweets can significantly improve athletes' performance in endurance events. The question is how?

Brown fat may treat obesity, diabetes
Researchers at the Joslin Diabetes Center have demonstrated that adult humans still have a type of "good" fat previously believed to be present only in babies and children.

Strides received US FDA approval for Lamivudine and Stavudine
Strides Arcolab Limited (Strides) announced that it has received tentative approval from the United States ? Food and Drug Administration for one new drug application (NDA) for fixed dose combination of Lamivudine and Stavudine Tablets 150 mg / 30 mg under the expedited review provisions of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

Melanoma skin cancer triggered by BRAF gene mutation
Up to 70 per cent of melanoma skin cancers could be triggered by a particular genetic mutation, according to a study by The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) published in Cancer.

US AIDS Relief program PEPFAR saved a million lives
PEPFAR, which the Bush administration initially established as a five-year, $15 billion plan, has kept people alive by effectively providing funds for AIDS treatment and care, according to a study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Broccoli sprouts prevent stomach cancer
Three-day-old broccoli sprouts, a widely available human food, suppressed Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections, according to a report in Cancer Prevention Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Boosting ranks of black HIV/AIDS researchers in US
About 500,000 African Americans are now living with HIV/AIDS. Yet there are very few African American HIV/AIDS researchers, due to historical, social and other factors that prevent them from training in the biomedical, behavioral and social aspects of HIV/AIDS research.

Control and treatment of bed bugs challenging
A review of previously published articles indicates there is little evidence supporting an effective treatment of bites from bed bugs, that these insects do not appear to transmit disease, and control and eradication of bed bugs is challenging, according to an article in the April 1 issue of JAMA.

Cervical cancer screening might safely be delayed after HPV vaccine
DNA from human papilloma virus type 16 (HPV16) and HPV type 18 (HPV18) were found in the majority of invasive cervical cancers in New Mexico in the 1980s and 1990s, according to a population-based study published in the March 24 online issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Education slowing HIV AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa
Increased schooling across sub-Saharan Africa may be lowering new HIV infections among younger adults, according to sociologists, suggesting a shift in a decades-long trend where formal education is considered an AIDS risk factor.

$60 m for tuberculosis and HIV research in South Africa
A groundbreaking partnership between the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) and the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) in South Africa will establish an international research center focused on making major scientific contributions to the worldwide effort to control the devastating co-epidemic of tuberculosis (TB) and HIV and on training a new generation of scientists in Africa.

HIV/AIDS statistics for women and girls startling in US
In US the percentage of new AIDS cases diagnosed among women more than doubled between 1990 and 2005 (the most recent year for which data is available), increasing from 11 percent to more than 26 percent.

Positive results of Albuferon in Chronic Hepatitis C
Human Genome Sciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: HGSI) announced that Albuferon (albinterferon alfa-2b) met its primary endpoint of non-inferiority to peginterferon alfa-2a (Pegasys) in ACHIEVE 1, a Phase 3 clinical trial of Albuferon in combination with ribavirin in treatment-naive patients with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C (p=0.0008).

Enteroviral infection of pancreas causes type 1 diabetes
A common family of viruses (enteroviruses) may play an important role in triggering the development of diabetes, particularly in children, revealed by researchers.

New monkey model for HIV
By altering just one gene in HIV-1, scientists have succeeded in infecting pig-tailed macaque monkeys with a human version of the virus that has until now been impossible to study directly in animals.

Human vaccine against bird flu soon
A vaccine to protect humans from a bird flu pandemic is within reach after a new discovery by researchers at the University of Melbourne, Australia.

Evolutionary biologist gets grant to study HIV
Dr. Sara Sawyer will use a $120,000 grant from the Foundation for AIDS Research (amFAR) to study how the HIV virus and the cells it attacks have evolved together over time. The goal of her research is to discover new targets for drugs.

Meningitis bacteria mimic as human cells to evade immune system
The way in which bacteria that cause bacterial meningitis mimic human cells to evade the body's innate immune system has been revealed by researchers at the University of Oxford and Imperial College London.

TV ad to educate women about cervical cancer and HPV test
Through a new advertising campaign being launched in US, local women will soon learn more about cervical cancer screening and prevention.

Anti HIV gel shows promise in preventing HIV infection in women
An investigational vaginal gel intended to prevent HIV infection in women has demonstrated encouraging signs of success in a clinical trial conducted in Africa and the United States.

Animal eggs not suitable to produce stem cells
Since the cloning of Dolly the Sheep over a decade ago, somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has been considered a promising way to generate human, patient-specific stem cells for therapeutic applications.

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