Icu articles

Junk food consumed late in pregnancy more harmful to the child
"Too much junk food consumed late in pregnancy for humans has the potential to be more harmful to the child than excess junk food early in the pregnancy," says Dr Jessica Gugusheff, post-doctoral researcher in the School of Agriculture, Food and Wine at University of Adelaide.

Arsenic album a preventive medicine for swine flu 2015 epidemic
A meeting of group of experts was called by CCRH India (a research organisation) to examine the signs and symptoms of swine flu in India and to determine the Genus epidemicus for the current epidemic of swine flu during 2015.

Autism linked to maternal exposure to agricultural pesticides
Pregnant women who lived in close proximity to fields and farms where chemical pesticides were applied experienced a two-thirds increased risk of having a child with autism spectrum disorder or other developmental delay.

Air pollution linked to heart attacks and strokes due to hardening of arteries
Long term exposure to air pollution may be linked to heart attacks and strokes by speeding up atherosclerosis, or "hardening of the arteries". The researchers found that higher concentrations of fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) were linked to a faster thickening of the inner two layers of the common carotid artery, an important blood vessel that provides blood to the head, neck, and brain.

Hurricane Sandy and food storage and food safety
Hurricane Sandy is already making an impact on the North Eastern coast, and being prepared for a storm as large as this is crucial. Hurricane Sandy could bring wind, flooding, heavy rain and possibly snow to the East Coast, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) urges people to take steps now to ensure they have access to safe food.

Aspirin reduces aggressive ovarian cancer risk
New research shows that women who regularly use pain relief medications, particularly aspirin, have a decreased risk of serous ovarian cancer?an aggressive carcinoma affecting the surface of the ovary, published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica.

Breast cancer can be detected by a simple blood test
A simple blood test could one day be a more accurate way to test for the early signs of breast cancer than using mammograms to spot a lump. Researchers reveals that the blood test could improve treatment by detecting whether breast cancer patients are likely to relapse and what drugs their particular type of tumour will respond to.

Food safety guides available for groups most vulnerable to foodborne illness
The U.S. Department of Agriculture?s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) and the Department of Health and Human Services? Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have partnered to create six booklets with food safety advice for populations that are most susceptible to foodborne illness.

Cranberry prevents urinary tract infections
Use of cranberry-containing products appears to be associated with prevention of urinary tract infections in some individuals. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common bacterial infections and adult women are particularly susceptible.

Natural HIV control may rely on T cell
The rare ability of some individuals to control HIV infection with their immune system alone appears to depend ? at least partially ? on specific qualities of the immune system's killer T cells and not on how many of those cells are produced. Even among individuals sharing a protective version of an important immune system molecule ? the ability of HIV-specific killer T cells to control viral replication appears to depend on the particular sequence of the protein that recognizes HIV infected cells.

Statin use reduces Parkinson Disease risk
Regular use of cholesterol-lowering statin drugs may be associated with a modest reduction in risk for developing Parkinson disease, particularly among younger patients. Statins are one of the most prescribed classes of drugs in the United States.

Abnormal breathing during sleep may cause behavioral difficulties in kids
Young children with sleep-disordered breathing are prone to developing behavioral difficulties such as hyperactivity and aggressiveness, as well as emotional symptoms and difficulty with peer relationships.

Family preferences influence decision making in very premature deliveries
When making decisions and counseling about risk and management options for deliveries between 22 and 26 weeks (periviable deliveries), obstetricians are heavily influenced by family preferences, particularly by the impression that parents consistently prefer to have everything possible done to prolong a pregnancy or "save the baby" through interventions such as cesarean section.

Circadian rhythms linked to sudden cardiac attack
A new study uncovers the first molecular evidence linking the body's natural circadian rhythms to sudden cardiac death (SCD). Ventricular arrhythmias, or abnormal heart rhythms, are the most common cause of sudden cardiac death: the primary cause of death from heart disease. They occur most frequently in the morning waking hours, followed by a smaller peak in the evening hours.

Vitamin D therapy does not improve heart disease risk
Patients with chronic kidney disease who received the vitamin D compound paricalcitol for up to 48 weeks did not show improvement on measures of cardiac structure, function, or left ventricular mass, compared to patients who received placebo.

Depressed adolescents more likely to be bullied
A new study provides evidence that adolescents who suffer from depression are more likely to develop difficulty in peer relationships including being bullied at school. It's often assumed that being bullied leads to psychological problems, such as depression, but the study doesn't support this line of thought.

Investments for children must be at top of African HIV and AIDS agenda - UNICEF
All children, particularly the poorest and most marginalized, should have access to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care. Against the background of reduced funding for HIV/AIDS activities, partners and decision makers must sustain their contributions to make this world HIV free.

Dreaming helps ease bad and painful memories
During the dream phase of sleep, also known as REM sleep, our stress chemistry shuts down and the brain processes emotional experiences and takes the painful edge off difficult memories. Time spent in dream sleep can help.

Stent design may put patients at risk of heart attack
Stent shortening - a newly observed deformity in cases using a particular family of stents, can cause serious complications for patients, says researchers. In this case the stent clotted off and the patient had a heart attack.

1 in 5 Americans has hearing loss, US
20% of Americans over the age of 12 experience hearing loss in at least one ear. Nearly a fifth of all Americans 12 years or older have hearing loss so severe that it may make communication difficult, according to a new study led by Johns Hopkins researchers and published in the Nov. 14 Archives of Internal Medicine.

High fiber diet reduces colorectal cancer risk
Eating a diet high in fibre, particularly from cereal and whole grains, is associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer. Intake of dietary fibre and whole grains is known to help protect against cardiovascular disease, but its association with colorectal cancer risk is less clear. And, although the idea that dietary fibre reduces the risk of colorectal cancer has been around for nearly 40 years.

Stress linked to breast cancer aggressiveness
Psychosocial stress could play a role in the etiology of breast cancer aggressiveness, particularly among minority populations, according to study results presented at the Fourth AACR Conference on The Science of Cancer Health Disparities, held.

Charla Nash's amazing recovery by face transplant
Charla Nash, who was mauled by a chimpanzee, revealed her new face to the world Thursday through the hospital where she underwent the transplant. A Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) plastic and orthopedic surgery team, led by Dr. Bohdan Pomahac, performed a full face transplant on Charla Nash, the Connecticut woman who was mauled by a chimpanzee in 2009.

Red meat increases type 2 diabetes risk
A recently published study by Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) finds a strong association between the consumption of red meat-particularly when the meat is processed-and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

Salmonella Kentucky has developed resistance to antibiotic Ciprofloxacin
A strain of Salmonella resistant to the most powerful antibiotics has been found in the UK, France and Denmark. This particular strain has a high level of resistance to ciprofloxacin, a common treatment for severe salmonella infections.

Adolescent binge drinking can damage spatial working memory
Binge or "heavy episodic" drinking is prevalent during adolescence, raising concerns about alcohol's effects on crucial neuromaturational processes during this developmental period. Heavy alcohol use has been associated with decrements in cognitive functioning in both adult and adolescent populations, particularly on tasks of spatial working memory (SWM).

New form of cholesterol revealed in people at high risk of heart disease
Scientists from the University of Warwick have discovered why a newly found form of cholesterol seems to be 'ultra-bad', leading to increased risk of heart disease. The discovery could lead to new treatments to prevent heart disease particularly in people with type 2 diabetes and the elderly.

Tai chi helps improve mental health and prevent falls in elderly
T'ai chi has particular health benefits for older people, including helping to prevent falls and improving mental wellbeing, reveals a review published ahead of print in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Large eggs lower in cholesterol and higher in vitamin D
Eggs are lower in cholesterol than previously thought, according to new nutrition data from the United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS).

Private room intensive care units associated with lower infection rates
Converting hospital intensive care units (ICUs) to private rooms is associated with a reduction in the rate at which patients acquire infections, according to a report in the January 10 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Natural plant sunscreen shows promise in preventing skin cancer
Maybe you worshipped the sun in your youth or weren't as meticulous as you should have been with sunscreen. If so, take heart: Scientists at The University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio are finding that certain plant substances, when given in combinations, may suppress damage that can cause skin cancer.

Cancer risk found for long-term hormone therapy
Using postmenopausal hormone therapy for more than 15 years increases a woman's risk of developing breast cancer, particularly among leaner women according to research at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC).

New criteria proposed for diagnosing fibromyalgia
The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) is proposing a new set of diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia that includes common symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and cognitive problems, as well as pain.

Obesity remains an economic issue in US
Ensuring access to healthy, affordable foods is a top priority in tackling the obesity epidemic in the United States. Over the course of the last six months, the Institute of Medicine, United States Department of Agriculture, The White House and First Lady Michelle Obama have taken an interest in improving access to affordable and nutritious foods.

Alcohol consumption may protect against Alzheimer's Disease
A new study published this month in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease suggests a protective effect of alcohol consumption on the risk of Alzheimer's disease, particularly in women who do not smoke.

Genomic sequencing of difficult breast cancers
Life Technologies Corporation (NASDAQ: LIFE) announced that it is collaborating with the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) and US Oncology to sequence the genomes of 14 patients afflicted with triple negative breast cancer whose tumors have progressed despite multiple other therapies.

Sleep bruxism common in stressed people
People who are stressed by daily problems or trouble at work seem to be more likely to grind their teeth at night. Researchers found that it was especially common in those who try to cope with stress by escaping from difficult situations.

Safety concern for HIV drug combination
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced preliminary data suggesting that Invirase (saquinavir) in combination with Norvir (ritonavir) may have potentially important adverse effects on the heart.

Antidepressant drugs may lead to lactation difficulties in moms
Women taking commonly used forms of antidepressant drugs may experience delayed lactation after giving birth and may need additional support to achieve their breastfeeding goals.

Counterfeit weight loss drug Alli containing sibutramine
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is updating its warning to the public about a counterfeit version of Alli 60 mg capsules (120 count refill pack) being sold over the internet, particularly at online auction sites.

Hospital superbug MRSA diffused by patients
A new study finds that methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ?responsible for several difficult-to-treat infections including blood poisoning and pneumonia and a particular problem in hospitals ? occurs in distinct geographical clusters across Europe, indicating that MRSA is being diffused by patients moving between hospitals rather than spreading freely in the community.

Study provides insight into pathway linked to obesity
A new study involving the University of Iowa, Mayo Clinic and two other institutions provides insight on weight control, suggesting that a ATP-sensitive potassium channel critical to survival and stress adaptation can contribute to fat deposition and obesity.

Fast, accurate urine test for pneumonia
Scientists are reporting a discovery of the potential basis for a urine test to diagnose community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), a difficult-to-diagnose disease that is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States.

Lead, tobacco smoke raises ADHD risk
Children exposed prenatally to tobacco smoke and during childhood to lead face a particularly high risk for ADHD, revealed by researchers.

Stem cell therapy offers hope for acute lung injury
Adult stem cells from bone marrow can prevent acute lung injury in a mouse model of the disease, revealed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine.

H1N1 virus pandemic lessons shared by Australia and New Zealand
Australia and New Zealand sharing the lessons learned in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) across these two countries on the impact of the H1N1 (swine flu) virus. The information being shared with countries in the Northern Hemisphere to help them prepare for their upcoming flu season.

Environmental chemicals in breast milk may cause testicular cancer later
A comparison of breast milk samples from Denmark and Finland revealed a significant difference in environmental chemicals which have previously been implicated in testicular cancer or in adversely affecting development of the fetal testis in humans and animals.

New treatment for melanoma shows shrinking of tumors
Researchers have made significant advances in the treatment of metastatic malignant melanoma ? one of the most difficult cancers to treat successfully once it has started to spread.

Public smoking bans reduce heart attacks
Public smoking bans appear to significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks, particularly among younger individuals and nonsmokers, revealed by researchers in a new study.

Homeopathy Arsenic 30 preventive for H1N1 flu, says CCRH
The Indian Department of AYUSH (alternative systems) has released a press note suggesting use of Arsenic alba 30 one dose for three consecutive days as preventive for Swine flu.

Fish and Omega 3 decreases dementia risk in older people
Experts estimate that over 24 million people worldwide suffer from dementia, and many of these people live in low- and middle-income countries. Recently, there has been growing interest in whether dietary factors, particularly oily fish and meat, might influence the onset and/or severity of dementia.

FASD children have more behavioral problems than ADHD children
Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) have a high risk of psychiatric problems, particularly attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder, or both.

Nitrate linked to Alzheimer's disease, Diabetes, Parkinson's disease
Increased levels of nitrates in our environment and food increases disease risks including Alzheimer's disease, diabetes mellitus and Parkinson's disease, revealed by researchers.

Dietary fat from red meat and dairy linked to pancreatic cancer
High intake of dietary fats from red meat and dairy products was associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer, revealed by researchers. This study was undertaken because research relating fat intake to pancreatic cancer was inconclusive.

Bisphenol A BPA may cause heart disease in women
New research by a team of scientists at the University of Cincinnati (UC) shows that bisphenol A (BPA) may be harmful for the heart, particularly in women. Results of several studies are being presented in Washington, D.C., at ENDO 09, the Endocrine Society's annual meeting, June 10-13.

Computer related injuries on rise in young children
While back pain, blurred vision and mouse-related injuries are now well-documented hazards of long-term computer use, the number of acute injuries connected to computers is rising rapidly.

Fatigue common after myocardial infarction heart attack
Half of all patients who undergo myocardial infarction are experiencing onerous fatigue four months after the infarction. The patients who are most fatigued are those who perceive the infarction as a sign of chronic illness, those who experience the illness as difficult to control, and those who believe that the illness has a large impact on their life.

Tesco reveals dental map of Britain
Research from a survey by Tesco Dental Insurance has revealed Brits are finding it increasingly difficult to find an NHS dentist. The results also show that rising dental costs are putting people off visiting the dentist.

New software technology empowers disabled children
Scottish scientists have developed the first technology of its kind in the world which allows children with communication difficulties to take control of conversations.

Genes responsible for testicular cancer risk in men
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have uncovered variation around two genes that are associated with an increased risk of testicular cancer.

Tobacco packages must use pictorial warnings, says WHO
Warnings on tobacco product packaging increase public awareness of the serious health risks of tobacco use. Images are a particularly powerful and cost-effective vehicle for communicating the risks.

Healthy lifestyle is on decline in US
Despite the well-known benefits of having a lifestyle that includes physical activity, eating a diet high in fruits and vegetables, maintaining a healthy weight, moderate alcohol use and not smoking, only a small proportion of adults follow this healthy lifestyle pattern, and in fact, the numbers are declining, according to an article published in the June 2009 issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

Obama administration launches food safety working
Responding to President Obama's directive to upgrade the nation's food safety system, the White House Food Safety Working Group, led by Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack and Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius, launched a Web site to provide information about the group's activities and progress.

Cataract surgery complications linked to BPH drug tamsulosin
Use of the medication tamsulosin to treat male urination difficulties within two weeks of cataract surgery is associated with an increased risk of serious postoperative ophthalmic adverse events such as retinal detachment or lost lens, according to a study in the May 20 issue of JAMA.

Increased food intake increases body weight
A study presented on Friday at the European Congress on Obesity is the first to examine the question of the proportional contributions to the obesity epidemic by combining metabolic relationships, the laws of thermodynamics, epidemiological data and agricultural data.

Sick patients tend to have low Vitamin D
A group of endocrinologists in Sydney have observed that very sick patients tend to have very low levels of Vitamin D. The sicker they are, the lower the levels.

ADHD linked to inadequate sleep
A recent Finnish study suggests that children's short sleep duration even without sleeping difficulties increases the risk for behavioral symptoms of ADHD.

Make this world malaria free
Progress has been made in combating malaria, particularly in Africa where the disease is most prevalent, but more must be done to address the global scourge, UNICEF said, as it released a new joint report on the eve of World Malaria Day.

Wine increases survival in Non Hodgkin's lymphoma patients
Pre-diagnostic wine consumption may reduce the risk of death and relapse among non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients, according to an epidemiology study presented at the American Association for Cancer Research 100th Annual Meeting 2009.

Universal health insurance may narrow gaps in health care, US
Health care disparities in the U.S. have long been noted, with particular attention paid to the gaps separating racial and economic groups.

Excess hair growth in women may indicate PCOS
Hirsutism involves the growth of coarse hair in females in a male-like pattern. It is a distressing condition that affects 5-15% of women. It can be particularly upsetting for young women undergoing the emotional and psychosocial upheaval of adulthood.

Melanoma skin cancer triggered by BRAF gene mutation
Up to 70 per cent of melanoma skin cancers could be triggered by a particular genetic mutation, according to a study by The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) published in Cancer.

Childhood cancer survivors need special education
New research funded by the Canadian Cancer Society has discovered poor educational achievement and learning difficulties for some childhood cancer survivors, especially those diagnosed with brain tumours.

Hot tea increases throat cancer risk
People are advised to wait a few minutes before drinking a cup of freshly-boiled tea today as a new study, published on, finds that drinking very hot tea (70?C or more) can increase the risk of cancer of the oesophagus, the muscular tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach.

Personal health in older linked to walking difficulty
Older adults who worry about their health engage in less physical activity, and those who participate in less activity are more likely to report having difficulty walking, according to a new study.

Enteroviral infection of pancreas causes type 1 diabetes
A common family of viruses (enteroviruses) may play an important role in triggering the development of diabetes, particularly in children, revealed by researchers.

Draft version of the Neanderthal genome completed
The Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, in Leipzig, Germany, and the 454 Life Sciences Corporation, in Branford, Connecticut, will announce on 12 February during the 2009 Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and at a simultaneous European press briefing that they have completed a first draft version of the Neandertal genome.

Testicular cancer risk rises with marijuana use
Frequent and/or long-term marijuana use may significantly increase a man's risk of developing the most aggressive type of testicular cancer, according to a study by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

PCA distributed peanut butter even after positive Salmonella test
A combination of epidemiological analysis and laboratory testing by state officials in Minnesota and Connecticut, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have enabled FDA to confirm that the sources of the outbreak of illnesses caused by Salmonella Typhimurium are peanut butter and peanut paste produced by the Peanut Corporation of America (PCA) at its Blakely, Georgia processing plant.

Melanoma skin cancer linked to mental stress
For patients with a particularly aggressive form of skin cancer malignant melanoma stress, including that which comes from simply hearing that diagnosis, might amplify the progression of their disease.

New H5N1 bird flu cases in China, Vietnam
New human cases of H5N1 avian influenza, involving a 19-year-old Chinese woman who died of her infection and an 8-year-old Vietnamese girl who is recovering, reported by public health officials in two countries - China and Vietnam.

Scientists can now differentiate healthy cells, cancer cells, stem cells
One of the current handicaps of cancer treatments is the difficulty of aiming these treatments at destroying malignant cells without killing healthy cells in the process.

Free resources to help lead a healthier life
The Connecticut Department of Public Health (DPH) is urging people to consider resolutions for a healthy lifestyle for the New Year. Whether your resolution is to take better care of your general health, lose weight, or quit using tobacco, the DPH offers tips and resources to help you succeed in leading a healthier lifestyle.

NPY gene variation may lead to early heart disease
Researchers from Duke University Medical Center have identified a variation in a particular gene that increases susceptibility to early coronary artery disease.

Antibiotic use in ICU increases survival
Administering antibiotics as a preventive measure to patients in intensive care units (ICUs) increases their chances of survival.

High blood pressure linked to cognitive functioning
Adding another reason for people to watch their blood pressure, a new study from North Carolina State University shows that increased blood pressure in older adults is directly related to decreased cognitive functioning, particularly among seniors with already high blood pressure. This means that stressful situations may make it more difficult for some seniors to think clearly.

A universal mechanism of aging is identified
Researchers have discovered that DNA damage decreases a cell's ability to regulate which genes are turned on and off in particular settings. This mechanism, which applies both to fungus and to us, might represent a universal culprit for aging.

Nicole Johnson takes action for type 1 diabetes research
Diabetes in Children and Adolescents has particular urgency for former Miss America Nicole Johnson. Nicole has served as an international spokesperson for diabetes issues for more than 8 years. She has worked tirelessly promoting awareness, prevention and early detection of the hidden killer, diabetes.

New risk factor for cardiovascular disease
A team of international researchers - including scientists from the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) and McGill University - have discovered that having high levels of particular protein puts patients at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

St. John's Wort helps patients with major depression
The herbal medicine St. John's wort appears to work just as well as some prescribed antidepressants for treating patients with major depression, a new review finds. However, patients in German-speaking countries might experience the best benefits.

Sickness absence can predict employee mortality
Major diagnoses for medically certified absences were associated with increased mortality, with the exception of musculoskeletal disease. Data on sickness absence diagnoses may provide useful information to identify groups with increased health risk and a need for targeted interventions.

Birth size is a marker of breast cancer susceptibility
Birth size, and in particular birth length, correlates with subsequent risk of breast cancer in adulthood, according to a new study published in PLoS Medicine by researchers at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Aortic valve disorder adults do not have lower survival rate
Young adults with a bicuspid aortic valve, a congenital heart abnormality, experience subsequent cardiac events but do not appear to have lower survival rates compared to the general population, according to a study in the September 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Exercise reduces obesity risk in genetically predisposed
Individuals who have a genetic mutation associated with high body mass index (BMI) may be able to offset their increased risk for obesity through physical activity, according to a report in the September 8 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Contraceptive pill influences partner choice
The contraceptive pill may disrupt women's natural ability to choose a partner genetically dissimilar to themselves, research at the Universities of Liverpool and Newcastle has found.

Health of never-married people is improving
The health of people who never marry is improving, narrowing the gap with their wedded counterparts, according to new research that suggests the practice of encouraging marriage to promote health may be misguided.

Chromosomal changes increase schizophrenia risk
People with schizophrenia (mental illness variously affecting behavior, thinking, and emotion) have an increased number of unusual chromosomal changes, particularly structural changes that have the potential to alter the function of the genes.

Miscarriage risk in pregnant rises when man is over 35
Pregnancy rates decrease and miscarriages increase when a father is over 35 years of age, a scientist will tell the 24th annual conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology on Monday 7 July.

Difficulty sleeping increases during menopause
Sleep difficulties, especially problems staying asleep, are relatively prevalent concerns among women going through the menopausal transition, revealed by researchers at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago.

High blood pressure patients advised to use home monitors
People with hypertension should routinely monitor their blood pressure at home to help manage the disease, according to a new joint scientific statement from the American Heart Association, American Society of Hypertension and the Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses' Association.

Heart disease predetermined by oxygen levels in the womb
The amount of oxygen available to a baby in the womb can affect their susceptibility to developing particular diseases later in life. Research presented at the annual Society for Endocrinology BES meeting in Harrogate shows that your risk of developing cardiovascular disease can be predetermined before birth, not only by your genes, but also by their interaction with the quality of the environment you experience in the womb.

Breast cancer drug Tykerb to be subsidised
Women suffering from a particularly aggressive form of breast cancer will have access to a new drug lapatinib (Tykerb) on the PBS that will improve quality of life and prolong some lives, reported by Australian Department of Health and Ageing.

Keeping in good shape in old age is harder for women
Women aged 65-plus find it harder than men of the same age to preserve muscle - which probably impacts on their ability to stay as strong and fit. For the first time, scientists have shown that it is more difficult for women to replace muscle that is lost naturally as they get older - because of key differences in the way their bodies react to food.

HIV cases reduced in New Zealand
The New Zealand AIDS Foundation is welcoming the reduction in overall numbers of new HIV diagnoses in 2007, in particular that diagnoses among gay and bisexual men have remained equivalent to 2006 levels.

Soaking potatoes in water before frying reduces acrylamide
Pre-soaking potatoes in water before frying can reduce levels of acrylamide, revealed by researchers. This is a good news for chips lovers everywhere. The research published in SCI's Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture.

Bird flu awareness campaigns should continue in India
The recent, worst-ever outbreak of the highly pathogenic avian influenza in the Indian state of West Bengal seems to have been brought under control by the swift and comprehensive measures taken by the country's authorities, though continued vigilance was crucial, the United Nations agricultural agency said.

Bird flu could strike again in India, warns FAO
India is to be commended for its successful efforts to control the recent worst-ever outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza in the state of West Bengal, FAO said today. The agency warned, however, that intensive surveillance should continue in high-risk areas as the possibility of new outbreaks remains high.

Antidepressant and psychotherapy work for depressed teens
Teens with difficult-to-treat depression who do not respond to a first antidepressant medication are more likely to get well if they switch to another antidepressant medication and add psychotherapy rather than just switching to another antidepressant, according to a large, multi-site trial funded by the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

Combined hormone therapy makes breast cancer detection difficult
Combined hormone therapy appears to increase the risk that women will have abnormal mammograms and breast biopsies, and it may decrease the effectiveness of both methods for detecting breast cancer, according to a report in the Feb. 25 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Global meet on microbicides begins in India
The 4-day biannual International Microbicides 2008 Conference was inaugurated yesterday by the Indian Minister for Health & Family Welfare, Dr. Anbumani Ramadoss. Congratulating the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) for organizing this important international event, the Minister particularly emphasized the need for an active participation and collaboration amongst all stakeholders in achieving the goal of developing a safe, effective, and accessible microbicide for a woman more than a man to deal with behavioral change.

Colorectal cancer deaths are down in US
New data revealing decreasing trends in cancer deaths in the United States overall, and in colorectal cancer deaths in particular, highlight the remarkable benefits of colorectal cancer screening tests, but the lifesaving potential of these tests is unrealized for many Americans, according to experts from the American College of Gastroenterology.

DCIS patients overestimate breast cancer risks
Many women with newly diagnosed DCIS have inaccurate perceptions of the breast cancer risks that they face, and anxiety is particularly associated with these inaccurate perceptions.

Occupational cancer risk in fruit and veg growers, hairdressers
Increased risk of cancer for occupational groups including hairdressers, sewing machinists, field crop and fruit and vegetable growers, reported by New Zealand researchers. Occupational cancers account for 330 deaths in New Zealand each year, about five per cent.

Give your child a smoke-free childhood, says WHO
This year's theme on World Cancer Day is "children and second-hand smoke exposure". Around 700 million children - almost half of the world's children - breathe air polluted by tobacco smoke, particularly at home.

Defeat of California health care legislation highlights difficulties states face
The defeat of a $14.9 billion proposal to overhaul California's health care system "underscores a difficulty states face in achieving universal insurance coverage" and "their inability to slow the upward trajectory of health care costs".

Eating broccoli may help fight heart disease
Wishing your Valentine good heart health on February 14 - and throughout 2008" Then consider the food some people love to hate, and hand over a gift bag of broccoli along with that heart-shaped box of chocolates. Researchers in Connecticut are reporting impressive new evidence that eating broccoli may protect against heart disease.

Studies highlight MRSA evolution and resilience
Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections are caused primarily by a single strain-USA300-of an evolving bacterium that has spread with "extraordinary transmissibility" throughout the United States during the past five years, according to a new study led by National Institutes of Health (NIH) scientists. CA-MRSA, an emerging public health concern, typically causes readily treatable soft-tissue infections such as boils, but also can lead to life-threatening conditions that are difficult to treat.

Climate change a rising risk to health
Climate change could have far-reaching negative impacts on the health of rural Australians, reported in a study co-authored by a Charles Sturt University (CSU) scientist. The report published in the Australian Journal of Rural Health.

Arthritis drug celecoxib can adversely affect heart rhythm
COX-2 inhibitors like Celecoxib have come under scrutiny lately due to adverse cardiovascular side-effects stemming from COX-2 reduction. In both fruit fly and rat models, researchers reveal another adverse effect of Celecoxib; this drug can induce arrhythmia. More interestingly, this effect is independent of the COX-2 enzyme.

New advice to doctors and patients for Champix needed
There have been reports of ?suicidal ideation' (thinking about committing suicide) and suicide attempts in people taking Champix. It is very difficult to know if this is due to Champix, as the act of stopping smoking itself can make people depressed, especially if they already have a mental health problem. Depression is often associated with suicidal thoughts.

Test for targeted therapy in acute myeloid leukemia
An Oregon Health & Science University Cancer Institute researcher has discovered that a particular hormone is responsible for driving a cancer enzyme to cause an often deadly red blood cell cancer.

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